The new Update newsletter from the California Board of Accountancy goes back to providing details on disciplinary actions. The Winter 2018 edition (#86) takes 20 pages to describe the 24 actions. The previous Update provided far less detail, which generated lots of feedback to the board, so the newsletter will again give the ugly details for the causes for discipline.
Update 11/30/18: Thanks to CBA for listing the messy details on what CPAs are doing to earn their consequences.
Three things jump out at me from the current list of discipline.
First, every action comes with a substantial financial penalty in the form of reimbursing the CBA for their investigative costs.
Second, just about every CPA that got in trouble for audit or review problems was given a ban from performing attestation work until some time in the future when the firm requests and receives permission from CBA to again perform such work.
Third, several CPAs received a suspension from their CPA practice. This means the individual may not perform any actions which would otherwise require a license. I think that means the firm halts all their attestation work and unless also holding an enrolled agent credential ceases their tax compliance work.
Here is my summary of the causes of discipline for the license surrenders and the stayed revocations:
|1||attorney disbarred & sanctioned by IRS|
|revocation stayed, 3 year probation|
|1||misdemeanor DUI; also caused injury in collision which earned a felony conviction|
|1||tax & fiduciary fail, privacy fail, misappropriation, and not in peer review program (yes, that is all for one firm)|
|3||subtotal stayed revocations for other causes|
|sanctions for public company work:|
|2||SEC sanctions; CBA banned firm from attestation work|
|2||SEC sanctions; one with 45 day suspension imposed by CBA, one with 180 day suspension from CBA|
|7||subtotal stayed revocations for public company work|
|1||audit fail; didn’t report EBP audit to CBA|
|2||EBP audit fail|
|1||didn’t get peer review when performing EBP audit|
|2||review fail, didn’t get peer review|
|11||subtotal stayed revocations for attestation issue|
total revocation stayed with probation
|24||total cases listed|
Reimbursement of investigation costs
The three who surrendered licenses will have to pay reimbursement of investigative costs before the CBA will reinstate the licenses. Costs for the three are $12,000, $16,677, or $18,418.
For the licensees with stayed revocations, the required reimbursements range from a low of $2,139 to high of $15,026. I calculate reimbursements totaling $116,372, which is an average of $5,541.
I’m not going to double-check, but my recollection is that in the past not every CPA was required to reimburse the board for investigative costs. I think that is something new.
Additional CPE classes are required as follows:
|1||46, yes, 46 additional hours|
|18||firms with additional CPE requirements|
Ban on attestation work
Just about all the individuals/firms with audit or review problems have a ban on attestation work. Permission must be received from CBA before those licensees may resume any attestation work. Only 1 of the 11 stayed revocations for audit/review issues did not get an attestation ban. I’m assuming the firms with PCAOB discipline probably received some restrictions, but I haven’t checked on that.
Here is my tally of practice restrictions imposed by CBA:
|restriction||no add’l||restrictions on scope of practice|
|2||SEC sanctions; also attestation ban from CBA|
|2||SEC sanctions; one with 45 day suspension, one with 180 day suspension|
|9||attestation ban for attestation issues|
|1||firm allowed to perform attestation after setting up practice monitoring program|
|1||stayed revocation for audit issue but no add’l practice restriction|
Age of complaints
The indexing of complaints is four digits for the year and two digits, which appear to be consecutive numbering for the year. The highest complaints in this Update newsletter are 2015-85, 2016-97, and 2017-97. The age of the audits and issues addressed can’t quite be determined because the published information only sometimes mentions the dates.
However, the age of underlying issues stretches back a couple of years or perhaps 5 years before the complaint. One CPA is cited for audit failures over a five-year period. Obviously the old adage about justice grinding slowly applies to discipline imposed by CBA.
Here is my tally of the complaints by year:
|23||total (I obviously missed one, but am not going to do a recount)|
The effective dates of the decisions are in December 2017 and February 2018, although I didn’t do an exact tally.
Oh yeah, in addition to those cost reimbursements and extra CPE hours and not providing any attestation services until some unspecified future date, don’t forget the additional consequences of malpractice insurance carriers increasing rates for insurance.
Also, the disciplinary actions and accusations are public documents. Potential clients and current clients (along with your competitors) will be able to see those actions for, oh, forever.
DO. GOOD. WORK.